Rare Dog Breeds

Chinese Chongqing Dog

One very rare dog is the Chinese Chongqing Dog. There are not many of them in the world (in fact most people have never even heard of it) and there are only a few breeders of the animal found anywhere. They are even rare in their home country of China.

Despite its rarity, the Chongqing is not a new breed. Far from it. It’s believed that this animal has been around for 2,000 years or ore, evidenced by sculptures of the dog found in 1987 in a tomb dating back more than 1,700 years to the Han Dynasty.

The Chinese Chongqing Dog History

In 1987, a group are archeologists were excavating in a tomb known to have been used during the Han Dynasty. Inside, they found a sculpture that strongly resembled the Chongqing Dog, proving that the dog breed had been around for at least 1,700 years, and probably 2,000 years or more.

The dog is originally from the Chongqing province located in the southwest region of China. This rare dog breed was used for both hunting (it’s a great scent hound, perfect for tracking game hours after it’s been in the area they’re starting in) as well as being a watch dog and guard dog.

They were owned by many people throughout China until 1949 when the People’s Republic of China was formed and virtually wiped out China’s entire dog population. The only Chongqing Dogs to survive were those owned by remote peasants, mostly poor farmers and hunters that were allowed to keep the dogs as workers to maintain they’re workflow and continue to make their profits.

It wasn’t until the 1980’s that pet ownership started to become popular again and the Chongqing Dog breed began to find homes in the cities again. Today, the dog is still found almost exclusively in the Chongqing area of China. They are very rare in other parts of China, and almost non-existent in the rest of the world, although there are a few breeders of the Chongqing in the United States.

A Very Healthy Breed Of Dog

Throughout the breed’s long background, they have never experienced inbreeding and therefore have no major health defects in their genetic pool.

Due to their coats being so short, however, the Chinese Chongqing Dog may experience certain skin problems. These skin problems are a rarity, though, and not by any means the norm. An easy way to prevent such skin disorders from developing is feeding the animals a premium diet consisting of predominantly human grade food.

These animals also need quite a bit of exercise, generally 30 minutes of rigorous movement a day, making them a find companion to the jogger and morning runner. Other than the possible skin problems, the dog is one of the healthiest breeds around and has an average life expectancy of about 18 years, outliving virtually any other dog breed you may own.

Chinese Chongqing Dog As A Pet

The Chongqing Dog stands between 14 and 20 inches tall, and weighs between 33 and 54 pounds on average, making it classified as a medium sized dog. Other than the recommended 30 minutes of rigorous exercise a day, the Chongqing Dog is pretty laid back and doesn’t do a lot of playing around.

It may even be irritated living in a household that is full of a lot of hustle and bustle. They are alert and intelligent dogs, good with respectful children while being cautious of strangers. Paying attention to detail, the animal can figure out if a stranger is welcome or not based on the actions and temperament of their owner, making them still a great watch dog and guard dog after 2,000 years.